Dark circles/ periorbital melanosis is a common condition and an ill defined entity. It appears as brownish-black pigmentation around the eyelids. It not only gives a tired look to the patient but also gives a negative impact on their quality of life.
The causes of dark circles includes:
Wide range of topical creams and serums, chemical peeling, LASER treatment, fillers, PRP, are available as treatment options depending on the cause of the dark circles.
Additionally your dermatologist may suggest sun protection and lifestyle modifications such as adequate sleep, hydration, and diet to achieve an optimal result.
What causes psoriasis?
The exact cause of psoriasis is unknown. However, it is understood that the immune system, environmental factors and family history can play critical roles in its development. The immune system is somehow triggered, which causes a series of events such as inflammation, acceleration of skin cell growth, etc. It is important to understand that psoriasis is not contagious. A person cannot “catch” it by touching the affected individual.
How widespread is psoriasis?
Psoriasis is a common inflammatory condition that affects about 2% of the world population. Prevalence in India varies between 0.8% to 2.8%.
How is psoriasis diagnosed?
The diagnosis of psoriasis is usually made by a dermatologist examining the affected skin for typical signs of the disease and obtaining an appropriate patient history. In some cases, to aid in the diagnosis, your dermatologist may obtain a small sample of skin and examine it under a microscope.
What triggers psoriasis to flare?
Certain things may cause exacerbation of pre-existing psoriasis or may trigger psoriasis. Among these are stress, skin injuries, throat infections, and reactions to certain medications. Weather can also worsen psoriasis, especially in cold and dry climates.
Is psoriasis curable?
At present, there is no known cure for psoriasis. However, there are certain medications which can control and help to treat psoriasis. It is important for patients to speak with their dermatologists about appropriate treatment(s) that may effectively manage their psoriasis. Treatment may include medications applied to the skin, phototherapy, medications taken orally or given by injection.
Vitiligo is the most common depigmenting disorder having a major impact on the quality of life of patients. There are no other textural changes besides loss of color. Studies have shown that there is link between diet, nutrition level and vitiligo.
What to avoid?
What can be beneficial?
Dr.S.Nagakeerthana is a consultant dermatologist and dermatosurgeon.